The official language is Portuguese, a legacy of the country’s colonizers. When Mozambique gained independence in 1975, the then controlling power party, Frelimo, wanted to evict the colonial language but was not successful in finding a replacement. No other language is spoken by a majority. In the north, the Bantu languages of Yao and Makua predominate; in the Zambezi Valley, it is Nyanja is the dominant languages; and in the south, Tsonga is spoken. Along the northern coast, many people speak Swahili.
Portuguese is the language of education and government but is rarely spoken outside the cities. Because six of the neighboring countries are former British colonies, English is used occasionally, particularly in Maputo, in dealings with business people and tourists from neighboring South Africa.
The Frelimo is still the current political party, having been voted into power again in 2014. The Frelimo and its opposition party, Renamo were engaged in a civil war between 1976 until 1992, which ended after the signing of a multi-party democracy, and the unrest ended.
All Out Africa’s volunteer, student travel and tour programs are based in the South of Mozambique in Praia de Tofo. This particular region is known for the amazing beaches and marine wildlife, as well as being a stable and peaceful tourism destination.