Botswana is officially known as the Republic of Botswana and is a completely landlocked country in southern Africa. A whopping 70% of Botswana’s territory is comprised of the Kalahari Desert, but it is also a very green and lush country with sprawling waterways that are traditionally navigated using a “mokoro” (tree trunk hollowed out to make a canoe).
Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations and is a proudly peaceful and stable nation, and it is no wonder that it is home to one of the stronger African currencies, the Pula.
- Botswana’s currency is the Pula
- 70% of Botswana is comprised of the Kalahari Desert
- Botswana is the world’s largest producer of quality gem diamonds which account for about 70% of exports by value.
- Botswana is divided into 15 administrative districts: 9 rural districts and 6 urban districts.
- Botswana’s capital is Gaborone
- The national dish of Botswana is Seswaa, a tasty dish of meat and thick maize porridge.
Formerly protected under British Colonial Rule as a Bechuanaland Protectorate, Botswana became independent in 1966. Bot swana means “place of Tswana” in SeTwana. The people of Botswana are known as the Tswana or Batswana people. Botswana’s success is owed to its abundant state resources based upon diamond mining, responsibly and equitably distributed, and its peacefulness and stability.
Alongside the official language of English, Setswana is the main language of the country. However, at least 26 others are spoken by different ethnic communities. These fall into two different language groups – Bantu and Khoisan. The Khoisan tongues are sometimes called the ‘click’ languages, because of their integral click sounds. Gender roles have slowly dissipated in the country, but as in many Africa countries, some aspects of traditional culture, such as respect for one’s elders and the right to be heard, are seen as important elements today.
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Moremi Wildlife Adventure (5 day) – 4×4 camping wildlife wilderness adventure in the Okavango Delta
Chobe-Savuti Wildlife Safari (4 day) – 4×4 camping wildlife wilderness safari
The weather in Botswana varies depending on the season – it can be very hot and quite cold and all the temperatures in between! So please pack considering the guidelines below – anything from swim wear to hoodies may be required!
The Botswana summer is opposite to the northern hemisphere, with hot temperatures being experienced in December and colder temperatures in July.
- Rains in Botswana come mostly between November and March. November and December tend to have cooler mornings and hot afternoons, sometimes with rain.
- January and February being both the hottest and wettest months. As it progresses into March and April the rainfall and temperatures decrease.
- May through to August is the Botswana ‘winter’ – temperatures can vary from 10 degrees to 28 degrees from morning til afternoon, but there is little or no rain. Night times can be very cold, particularly in the Kalahari.
- September and October is when temperatures begin to climb, drying the territory. This is a good time for big game safaris as you will often find wildlife around water holes, but temperatures can get very hot.